Howto: Ubuntu Linux convert DHCP network configuration to static IP configuration

Your main network configuration file is /etc/network/interfaces

Desired new sample settings:
=> Host IP address
=> Netmask:
=> Network ID:
=> Broadcast IP:
=> Gateway/Router IP:
=> DNS Server:

Open network configuration file
sudo vi /etc/network/interfaces

sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces

Find and remove dhcp entry:
iface eth0 inet dhcp

Append new network settings:
iface eth0 inet static

Save and close the file. Restart the network:
sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart

Task: Define new DNS servers

Open /etc/resolv.conf file
sudo vi /etc/resolv.conf

You need to remove old DNS server assigned by DHCP server:
search myisp.com

Save and close the file.
Task: Test DNS server

host cyberciti.biz

Network command line cheat sheet

You can also use commands to change settings. Please note that these settings are temporary and not the permanent. Use above method to make network changes permanent or GUI tool as described below.
Task: Display network interface information

Task: Take down network interface eth0 / take a network interface down
sudo ifconfig eth0 downOR $ sudo ifdown eth0

Task: Bring a network interface eth0 up
sudo ifconfig eth0 upOR$ sudo ifup eth0

Task: Change IP address and netmask from command line
Activate network interface eth0 with a new IP ( / netmask:
sudo ifconfig eth0 netmask up

Task: Display the routing table
/sbin/route OR$ /sbin/route -n

Kernel IP routing table
Destination Gateway Genmask Flags Metric Ref Use Iface
localnet * U 0 0 0 ra0 * U 0 0 0 eth0 * U 0 0 0 eth1
default UG 0 0 0 ra0

Task: Add a new gateway
sudo route add default gw

Task: Display current active Internet connections (servers and established connection)
netstat -nat

Task: Display open ports
sudo netstat -tulp

sudo netstat -tulpn

Task: Display network interfaces stats (RX/TX etc)
netstat -i

Task: Display output for active/established connections only
netstat -e
netstat -te
netstat -tue

* -t : TCP connections
* -u : UDP connections
* -e : Established

Task: Test network connectivity
Send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts, routers, servers etc with ping command. This verifies connectivity exists between local host and remote network system:
ping router
ping cyberciti.biz

See simple Linux system monitoring with ping command and scripts for more information.
Task: Use GUI (Graphical Configuration) network Tool

If you are new, use GUI configuration tool, type the following command at terminal:
network-admin &

Above command is Ubuntu's GUI for configuring network connections tool.
Final tip - Learn how find out more information about commands

A man page is your best friend when you wanted to learn more about particular command or syntax. For example, read detailed information about ifconfig and netstat command:
man ifconfig
man netstat

Just get a short help with all command options by appending --help option to each command:
netstat --help

Find out what command is used for particular task by searching the short descriptions and manual page names for the keyword:
man -k 'delete directory'
apropos -s 1 remove

Display short descriptions of a command:
whatis rm
whatis netstat